Monday, October 15th
5:30 – 7:00 pm
Dinner: Blackford Hall
7:00 – 7:15 pm
Pamela Hurst-Della Pietra, DO,
Children and Screens: Institute of Digital Media and Child Development; Stony Brook Medicine
7:15 – 7:45 pm
Keynote: The Future of Childhood and Technology
Justine Cassell, PhD,
Human-Computer Interaction Institute, Carnegie Mellon University
What does the future hold for children and technology? We asked Dr. Cassell to open and frame the Digital Media and Developing Minds Congress by presenting insights into two general questions of broad interest. First, based on her extensive knowledge of current and emerging technologies, which ones are most strongly defining children’s media environments today and near-term? Second, in light of that assessment, what future technologies does she expect will re-shape children’s lives, how, and when? This fascinating talk will provide the audience with a shared starting point for their own conversations during the days that follow.
EARLY CHILDHOOD SESSION
James A. Griffin, PhD,
Deputy Chief, Child Development and Behavior Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health (NIH)
A developmental lens will be employed to examine the state of research on the growing exposure of infants, toddlers and preschoolers to an array of digital media. Current knowledge gaps regarding the impact such exposure has on early cognitive and social-emotional development and learning will be explored as will promising directions for future research to address these gaps.
Dimitri A. Christakis, MD, MPH,
University of Washington; Seattle Children’s Institute
Heather Kirkorian, PhD,
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Sarah Coyne, PhD,
Department of Family Life, Brigham Young University
Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek, PhD,
Infant Language Laboratory, Temple University
This panel will address the current state and future directions of science related to young children’s use of media.
Tuesday, October 16th
7:30 – 9:00 am
Breakfast: Blackford Hall
9:00 – 9:05 am
U.S. Senator Edward J. Markey of Massachusetts
DIGITAL MEDIA, MENTAL HEALTH, AND RELATIONSHIPS SESSION
Trisha Prabhu, ReThink;
Student at Harvard University
Our digital world today is driven by its youth: members of the Generation Z who invented the selfie, created meme culture, and redefined the power of social media. To truly understand digital media and the way it’s impacting adolescents born into an era of technological growth, we need a teen perspective. In this keynote, 18-year old Harvard University student and budding social scientist Trisha Prabhu explores our society’s connection to digital media, its consequences for young people, and what it all means for the future of social media and digital interaction.
Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, PhD, The University of Arizona
Larry Rosen, PhD, California State University, Dominguez Hills
Linda Charmaraman, PhD, Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College
Emily Weinstein, EdD, Postdoctoral Fellow at Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education
This panel will examine the intersection of digital media and interpersonal relationships from a variety of research perspectives including the behavioral and neurological impact of social media on teens and preteens, intimate adolescent digital relationships, and the impact of texting on relationships.
10:15 – 11:00 am
Social Media, Depression, and Suicide
Speaker and Moderator: Paul Weigle, MD, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Natchaug Hospital
Thomas Joiner, PhD, Laboratory for the Study and Prevention of Suicide-Related Conditions and Behaviors, Florida State University
Ethan Kross, PhD, Emotion and Self Control Lab, University of Michigan
This panel will explore impact of social media habits on child and adolescent mental health, including depression and suicidality. Researchers and clinicians will review the current state of research knowledge as well as needed areas of future research, study tools and methodologies.
11:00 – 11:15 am
Vicky Rideout, MA, VJR Consulting
Jennifer Manganello, PhD, MPH, School of Public Health, University at Albany
Sherry Emery, PhD, The National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago
How can young people’s love for digital media like texting, YouTube videos, apps, and social media be used to promote healthy behaviors? Whether the topic is vaping, the opioid epidemic, suicide prevention, safer sex, anxiety, or obesity, what are the most effective ways to leverage digital media as part of health promotion campaigns aimed at youth? This panel includes fresh data about teens’ use of digital health information and tools; examples of innovative uses of digital media for health promotion; an exploration of the role of e-health literacy as an important component of digital literacy; and a review of the methodological challenges involved in evaluating the effectiveness of digital health campaigns.
11:30 am – 1:30 pm
Lunch: Blackford Hall
1:30 – 2:00 pm
Keynote: Fortifying Young Minds Against Misinformation
John Silva, MEd, NBCT, The News Literacy Project
Today’s information landscape is the most complicated and interconnected in human history. As students enter this ecosystem at younger and younger ages, they are engulfed by a rushing flood of information that they are not equipped to sort and evaluate. This session will address current research into the spread of misinformation (especially on social media), information consumption habits of young people, and efforts underway to teach students the evaluation skills that will enable them to become critical consumers of news and other information and to know how to sort fact from fiction in what they read, watch and hear every day.
Jakki Bailey, PhD, School of Information, University of Texas at Austin
Patricia Greenfield, PhD, Children’s Digital Media Center, University of California Los Angeles
Rachel Severson, PhD, The Minds Laboratory, University of Montana
Mark Mon Williams, PhD, University of Leeds School of Psychology, UK
The panel will discuss the potential impact of emerging technologies like virtual reality, augmented reality, virtual assistants, and social robots on children and adolescents. Panelists will present their cutting-edge research to provide insights and best practices as they relate to child development.
2:45 – 3:00 pm
DIGITAL AGGRESSION AND MEDIA VIOLENCE SESSION
3:00 – 3:45 pm
Panel: Cyberbullying: What Works, What Doesn’t, and Why Not
Elizabeth Englander, PhD, Massachusetts Aggression Reduction Center, Bridgewater State University
Dorothy Espelage, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Florida
Sara Konrath, PhD, Interdisciplinary Program on Empathy and Altruism Research, Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
Tijana Milosevic, PhD, Department of Media and Communication, University of Oslo, Norway
This panel will explore the state of the field of cyberbullying. What are the challenges facing the field? What programs exist, which programs appear to be effective, and what elements work best with youth?
3:45 – 4:30 pm
Modern Methods in the Study of Media Violence
Douglas Gentile, PhD, Media Research Lab, Iowa State University
Craig Anderson, PhD, Center for the Study of Violence, Iowa State University
Sandra Calvert, PhD, Children’s Media Center, Georgetown University
Tom Hummer, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine
This panel of experts will discuss many of the current best practices in the study of media violence. These include neuroimaging and meta-analysis, as well as what we now know not to do.
FLASH TALKS AND POSTER SESSION
4:30-5:00 pm: Flash Talks
4:30-5:00 pm: Flash Talks
Dillon Browne, Psychology, University of Waterloo, Canada
“Environmental Risk, Screen Time, and Developmental Health: Examining Pathways of Association”
Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Psychology, University of Pittsburgh
“Social Media Self-Objectification: Associations with Adolescents’ Body Image and Mental Health”
Meredith Gansner, Psychiatry, Cambridge Health Alliance
“An Assessment of Digital Media-related Admissions in Psychiatrically Hospitalized Adolescents”
Sheri Madigan, Psychology, University of Calgary, Canada
“Screen Time and Developmental Outcomes in Early Childhood: Investigating Direction of Effects with a Cross-Lag Panel Analysis”
Teresia O’Connor, Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine
“Family Level Assessment of Screen Use in the Home (FLASH): Development of an Automatic and Objective Assessment of Children’s Screen Use Across Platforms”
Karen Helffer, Ophthalmology, Drexel University College of Medicine
“Reduction of screen media viewing and increase in socially oriented activities in young children with ASD: A pilot study”
Travis Saunders, Applied Human Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island, Canada
“Will Replacing Screen-Based Sedentary Behaviours with Reading Influence Health and Behavioural Outcomes of
Students in Grades 5-12?”
Tim Smith, Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, London, UK
“High Toddler Touchscreen Use is Associated with Neural and Behavioural Differences in Attention Processing”
Clifford Sussman, Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist; George Washington University, Washington, DC
“Choose Your Own Adventure: Motivational Interviewing for Online Addictions”
5:00 – 6:00 pm
Poster Session and Wine and Cheese Social
5:30 – 7:30 pm
Dinner: Blackford Hall
PROBLEMATIC INTERNET USE/GAMING ADDICTION SESSION
Anissa Abi-Dargham, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University
Various imaging modalities have been used to probe the molecular and functional characteristics of the brain in patients who suffer from addictions. These studies have shown that addictive behaviors involve profound depletions of dopamine in key regions of the cortico-basal ganglia circuitry, and changes in the function of these circuits. We will discuss the knowledge gained from these studies of substance use disorders and the emerging evidence from studies of internet addictions, to draw parallels between these conditions and outline future directions for research in this relatively newer disorder.
Marc Potenza, PhD, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine
Guilherme Borges, ScD, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatria, Mexico
Matthias Brand, PhD, Cognition Department, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, PhD, Department of Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Lübeck, Germany
The internet has changed many aspects of people’s lives, and this may be particularly relevant for individuals having been raised as “digital natives.” While there are many positive aspects of internet use, certain types and patterns of internet use may lead to significant problems at school or work, in relationships and other areas of life functioning. This panel will explore the topic of how best to identify, screen for, assess and diagnose internet use problems relating to gaming and other behaviors. The topics of how internet use behaviors and disorders were considered in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and the eleventh edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) will be discussed, as will ongoing efforts to refine approaches to promote healthy development and improve public health in a rapidly changing digital environment.
8:15 – 9:00 pm
Clinical Solutions for the Youth of the Digital Age
Nicholas Kardaras, PhD, LCSW-R, Launch House Digital Detox & Wellness Center and Maui Recovery
Hilarie Cash, PhD, LMHC, reSTART Center for Digital Technology Sustainability
Young-Sam Koh, PhD, College of General Education, Tongmyong University
Klaus Wölfling, PhD, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
This panel will discuss and explore the latest methodologies to treat screen-related issues. The panelists will examine the latest research related to the neurophysiological impacts of screens and what approaches the members of the panel have discovered to be the most effective – and why.
Wednesday, October 17th
7:30 – 9:00 am
Breakfast: Blackford Hall
Brad Bushman, PhD, School of Communication, The Ohio State
Numerous experiments have found a causal link between exposure to violent media and aggression, both inside and outside of the lab. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have found a link between exposure to media violence and violent behavior, including violent criminal behavior. Exposure to violent media is not the only risk factor for aggressive and violent behavior, but it is an important one.
Lauren Hale, PhD, Department of Family, Population, and Preventive Medicine, Stony Brook University Medicine
Cordelia Carter, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU School of Medicine
Monique LeBourgeois, PhD, Sleep and Development Laboratory, University of Colorado Boulder
Thomas Robinson, MD, MPH, Solutions Science Lab, Stanford University
Karla Zadnik, PhD, OD, College of Optometry, Ohio State University
In this panel, four scholars will discuss the short and long-term impact of digital media use on children and adolescents’ physical development, with a specific focus on study tools and methodologies. The expert panel will briefly describe what we know about how digital media use among youth affects orthopedic issues, vision, sleep and obesity. Each scholar will also present on methodological approaches and new research directions.
10:15 – 10:30 am
Courtney Blackwell, PhD, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program
Michael Robb, PhD, Common Sense Media
Lindsay Squeglia, PhD, Medical University of South Carolina, Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study
This session will delve into large national studies of children and families, and explore the advantages and disadvantages of different study designs and methodologies, the media- and technology-related factors that influence children’s health and well-being, and opportunities for researchers to access existing datasets.
11:15 – 11:30 am
Florence Breslin, Laureate Institute for Brain Research, Tulsa
“Screen Media Activity and Brain Structure in Youth: Evidence for Diverse Structural Correlation Networks from the ABCD Study”
Kathleen Roskos, Education & School Psychology, John Carroll University
“Effect of Independent Digital Reading on Primary Graders’ Reading Comprehension: A Longitudinal Study”
Nicole Zamanzadeh, Communication, University of California, Santa Barbara
“WIRED: The Impact of Media and Technology Use on Stress (Cortisol) and Inflammation (Interleukin IL-6) in Fast Paced Families”
11:30 – 12:00 pm
Tools and Methodologies Exhibitor Workshops and Demos
Exhibitors will showcase modern techniques for measuring children’s media use in three ten-minute hands-on workshops and demonstrations. Pre-registration preferred.
12:00 – 1:30 pm
Lunch: Blackford Hall
Adam Gazzaley, PhD, MD, Neuroscape, University of California San Francisco
Dr. Gazzaley presents his latest perspectives on the difficulties we humans are currently facing in terms of our attention, perception, creativity, emotional regulation and compassion. What he refers to as a Cognition Crisis. Anxiety, depression, attention and memory deficits affect a half a billion people around the world with an economic toll in the trillions. And these numbers are rising, notably in our children. The relationship of this crisis to modern technology is becoming clearer. He concludes with a discussion of potential solutions using modern day technology.
Matthew S. Cain, PhD, Research Psychologist; Tufts Center for Applied Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Susanne Baumgartner, PhD, Amsterdam School of Communication Research, University of Amsterdam
Daphne Bavelier, PhD, Brain and Learning Laboratory, University of Geneva, Switzerland
Jason Chein, PhD, Neurocognition Laboratory, Temple University
Steve Lee, PhD, ADHD and Development Laboratory, University of California Los Angeles
Panelists will speak about the most current research on how media use is related to cognition: the impact of media multitasking, attention, executive functioning, long and short-term memory, and other aspects of developing mental processes. The panel will then discuss research-informed guidance on how to responsibly use media and technology.
Tristan Harris, PhD, The Center for Humane Technology
Technology is destabilizing the world: exploiting the finite limits and vulnerabilities of the human mind and eroding our capacity to address our global challenges. Tristan Harris, Co-Founder of The Center for Humane Technology, will illuminate the existential threat posed by technology and share a framework for addressing this critically important challenge.
3:15 – 3:25 pm
3:25 – 3:30 pm
Ryan Foley, Psychology, Central Michigan University
“Addictive Phone Use and Academic Performance in U.S. Adolescents”
Jessica Mendoza, Psychology, The University of Alabama
“Can’t Keep My Eyes Off of You: When Smartphones Steal Attention During a Lecture”
CELLPHONES IN SCHOOLS
3:30 – 4:15 pm
Panel: Cellphones in Schools
Moderator: Eric Dubow, PhD, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan; Bowling Green State University
Arnold Glass, PhD, Rutgers University
Madeleine George, PhD, Purdue University
An increasing number of schools are allowing cell phones in class and public spaces. Other schools are implementing bans on their use. Recently, France’s ban on mobile phones at schools took effect. What are the factors against or supporting the continued use of cell phones in the classroom? What is the evidence-based research on this topic?
Anya Kamenetz, Education Correspondent for National Public Radio
Richard Halverson, PhD, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Education
Carolyn Heinrich, PhD, Peabody College of Education and Human Development and College of Arts and Sciences, Vanderbilt University
Paul Hambleton, MA, Educator; Maine Department of Education
Panelists will discuss: (1) the learning science on the promise of digital technology in the classroom, including for self-directed learning, engagement, personalization, digital literacy, and more; (2) the social context driving the increased adoption of technology, including the interests of big tech companies and mandates on districts to both keep up with the times and do more with less; and (3) the reality (i.e., where theory meets practice), including unintended consequences of digital technology in the classroom.
5:00 – 5:15 pm
Serge Egelman, PhD, International Computer Science Institute; University of California Berkeley
In this talk, Dr. Egelman will describe recent research results about the privacy implications of children’s mobile apps: how they collect personal data, with whom they share it, and the pervasive tracking that occurs across apps and devices. Over half of the apps that his group has examined may even be violating federal law. Given that these practices are not widely known to consumers and companies go to great lengths to conceal them, parents are not left with many choices to preserve their kids’ privacy.
5:45 – 7:00 pm
Meet the Editors Mixer
Dimitri A. Christakis, MD, MPH, University of Washington; Seattle Children’s Institute; Editor-in-Chief of JAMA Pediatrics
Zsolt Demetrovics, PhD, Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary;
Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Eric Dubow, PhD, Bowling Green State University; Editor-in-Chief of Developmental Psychology
Lauren Hale, PhD, Stony Brook University Medicine; Founding Editor-in-Chief of Sleep Health
Joanne Broder Sumerson, PhD, Research Psychologist; Co-Founding Editor, Psychology of Popular Media Culture
Brenda Wiederhold, PhD, MBA, BCB, BCN, Virtual Reality Medical Center; Interactive Media Institute; Editor-in-Chief of Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
This session will bring together editors from some of the leading journals in pediatrics, psychiatry, psychology, physical health and more to share their insights into what they are looking for in terms of manuscripts, how to make research more compelling to their board, and to answer any questions attendees have with respect to all aspects of peer review and editorial decision making.
Lobster Fest: Blackford Hall
Thursday, October 18th
7:30 – 9:00 am
Breakfast: Blackford Hall
9:00 – 9:20 am
Stephen Uzzo, PhD, New York Hall of Science
9:20 – 11:15 am
This morning’s session is an occasion for interdisciplinary participants to address and explore two relevant challenges that have been identified at the intersection of science, medicine, social sciences, academia and public health. Pre-designated workgroup leaders and other invited guests will act as facilitators for each group, and groups will work on the posed questions in an effort to find solutions. Participants will choose a scribe within their group and be provided with supplies to describe their approaches. At the end, each team will provide a brief report out to all attendees. The results of this session will be made available to all attendees subsequent to the conference.
Team One: Research Studies and Methods
The first Digital Media and Developing Minds conference brought together the best and brightest scientists, researchers and clinicians in the emerging field of youth media effects and yielded a significant but broad national research agenda. In this session, interdisciplinary attendees will focus and extend their understanding, knowledge, and experience to the challenge of honing that agenda. The team will identify the most important, salient and current research gaps to be studied, and then explore methods for investigating and answering those questions, including what types of studies would make the most sense and what expertise will be needed.
Team Two: Media Screening Toolkit
Today’s medical professionals, mental health professionals and educators are often called upon to evaluate problem behaviors in youth which are caused or worsened by media use habits, but lack the tools to accurately and efficiently identify these increasingly common issues. In this session, participants will explore how we may develop an innovative suite of instruments for screening, monitoring, and measuring problematic screen media habits in toddlers, children and adolescents, such as addictive screen use, displacement of adequate sleep, exposure to inappropriate media content, overuse of social media, and engagement in inappropriate violent or sexual screen media that may relate to the problems for which patients present to the office or clinic. The team will brainstorm about new, updated screening tools needed to detect or assess mental disorders in youth or to be adapted to incorporate media-related questions, and characterize what they would be. In addition to their utility for clinicians and educators, these tools may also be valuable in helping researchers understand the relationship between mental health disorders and media use in children and adolescents. At the end of the session, participants will have the opportunity to join a workgroup to develop these tools and recommend others to support this project.